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In summary, radiation proctitis/proctosigmoiditis is a common complication that occurs after radiation exposure to the pelvis. Recognition of this condition is important as symptoms can be quite bothersome and will often require treatment. Medical and endoscopic therapies have shown promise in alleviating the severity of symptoms associated with radiation injury.

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Adapted from IFFGD Publication #317 by Thomas Puetz, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Advanced Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI.

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